Τhe Mines of Lavrion from 5 BC to 19 AD centruries
The land of Lavreotiki occupies a significant spot at the southern end of Attica. A barren, hilly stretch of land with low vegetation along the sea that bears the rich gifts of Pluto and Hephaestus. The 1/20 of the known minerals of the world are existing in Lavrion, which is considered to be the greatest monument of the mining and metallurgic activity of ancient Greece; as well as one of the biggest and most important mining centres of the whole ancient Mediterranean world. This cultural and geological journey is revealing the richness of the region and will be highlighting its support to the development of Athens from the antiquity to nowadays.
- 09:00am departure towards Thymari from where you will have a spectacular panoramic view of Lavreotiki area.
- In Lavrion, you first visit the Mineralogical Museum which houses 600 pieces of subsoil minerals, many of them unique in the
- Next you see the Archaeological Museum, which the collections include objects from the Neolithic to the Early Christian period, also inscriptions, sculptures, slabs of the frieze of the temple of Poseidon in Sounio and part of the mosaic floor of the Basilica of Lavrion.
- Later, to the outskirts of the city, you visit in Kamariza the ancient mineral washing facilities, which were heavily mined by the Athenians in the 5th BC century and having significantly contributed to the city’s wealth and development. The mines were abandoned in the 1st century BC and were reactivated for mining in 1864 under French and Greek lead companies until 1978.
- You then see the geological phenomenon of Chaos gulch, an impressive geological phenomenon of vertical cliffs in shades of grey and orange, with a depth of 55m.
- You next visit Thorikos theatre being the oldest known theatre in existence today. Dated back to the end of the Archaic era (525-480 BC), it had 21 rows of seats, an impressive seating capacity of 4.000 people; while proofs showed that there has been set the oldest mining gallery in Europe.
- Lunch in local restaurant.
- Next follows an afternoon walk in downtown Lavrion to see the neoclassical & industrial buildings of the city.
- Today’s programme is concluded to the facilities of the French Mining Company, which today houses the Technological and Cultural Park of Lavrion.
- Return to Athens late in the afternoon.
- Transportation and in-depth visits as per detailed itinerary
- Admission fees as per programme
- Luncheon in Lavrion (0,3LT of refreshments inclusive)
- Geo Routes tour guide
- Geo Routes material
- Liability Insurance
- *** excluded: personal expenses, tips, gratuities, anything not explicitly stated above
8 hours cultural-geological tour
(Tour code: GR021)
- Daily on request (except Tuesdays)
- Βookings close 72 hours prior to departure
- Program does not operate on 6 January, 25 March, 1 May, Orthodox Easter, 28 October, Christmas & New Year periods
- On request
- Mineralogical museum
- Archaeological Museum
- Ancient Metal Washing Facilities
- Geological phenomenon "Chaos"
- Ancient Theatre of Thorikos
- Neoclassical and Industrial Buildings
- Lavrion Technological & Cultural Park
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